Blackfin Snapper

Blackfin Snapper

Scientific Name

Lutjanus buccanella

Stock Status

Overfishing – No

Overfished – Unknown

Regulations

Recreational Commercial
Season Open year-round. If landings reach the stock complex ACL, harvest will be prohibited for the remainder of the fishing year. Season Open year-round. If landings reach the stock complex ACL, harvest will be prohibited for the remainder of the fishing year.
Minimum Size Limit none Minimum Size Limit none
Bag Limit Within the 10-snapper aggregate bag limit which includes gray, mutton, yellowtail, cubera, queen, blackfin, wenchman, and silk snappers. Trip Limit none
Permit State issued recreational license/angler registry, federal angler registry or Federal charter/headboat permit for reef fish Permit Commercial vessel permit for reef fish is required.
Gear Non-stainless steel circle hooks are required when fishing with natural baits. At least one dehooking device is required and must be used to remove hooks. Gear Non-stainless steel circle hooks are required when fishing with natural baits. At least one dehooking device is required and must be used to remove hooks.

Harvest Limits

Sector Annual Catch Limit
Stock   Complex ACL for silk, queen, blackfin, and wenchman snapper – 166,000 pounds

Description

Blackfin snapper live in tropical waters of the western Atlantic from North Carolina and Bermuda, including the Gulf of Mexico, south to Trinidad and Northeastern Brazil.  It is a deep red color at the top and a pale reddish to silver on the sides.  Its most prominent feature is a black blotch at the base of the pectoral fin and its eyes are yellow to orange.

 

Maximum observed age:  27 years1

Age at maturity:  2 years2

Maximum weight:  30.86 pounds (14 kilograms)3

Maximum length:  29.53 inches (75 centimeters)4

Life History and Distribution

Blackfin snapper is very common in the Caribbean, especially the Antilles.  Adults prefer deeper waters 196.85 – 295.28 feet (60 – 90 meters) over sandy or rocky bottoms near ledges; juveniles prefer rocky areas near reefs in shallower waters 114.83 – 164.04 feet (35 – 50 meters).  Adults spawn most of the year, with a peak in April and September.  Little is known about its spawning behavior or early life history.

References

  1. Burton, M.L., Potts, J.C., and Carr, D.R. (2016), Age, Growth, and Natural Mortality of Blackfin Snapper, Lutjanus buccanella, from the Southeastern United States and U.S. Caribbean. Gulf and Caribbean Research, 27: 66-73. doi: 18785/gcr.2701.10
  2. Farmer, N.A., Malinowski, R.P., McGovern, M.F. and Rubec, P.J. (2016), Stock Complexes for Fisheries Management in the Gulf of Mexico. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 8: 177-201. doi:1080/19425120.2015.1024359
  3. Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers, 400 p.
  4. Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Harper Collins Publishers, 400 p.