The Council uses its Something’s Fishy tool to gather information from fishermen about what is happening on-the-water. The Council solicits input for the fish species it manages ahead of each scientific stock assessment. The information provided is analyzed and delivered to the scientists and managers to help to inform their current understanding of each fish stock.

Something's Fishy Summary Reports

Species Stock Assessments

The Council bases fishery management advice on the best scientific information available. Stock assessments in the Southeastern United States are conducted though the cooperative SouthEast Data, Assessment, and Review (SEDAR) process. The Council also gathers information directly from fishermen about fish stocks prior to each stock assessment through its “Something’s Fishy Tool.” Below is a compilation of stock assessments and Something’s Fishy reports for each species.

Gray Snapper

Gray Mangrove Snapper Fish

Gray Snapper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Red Snapper

Red Snapper Fish

Red Snapper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Gag Grouper

Gag Grouper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Greater Amberjack

Greater Amberjack

Greater amberjack image

 SEDAR 70 Greater Amberjack Stock Assessment in progress

 

SEDAR 70 Stock Assessment Executive Summary – coming soon

Map Vermilion and Greater Amberjack Boundaries

Stock Assesment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Scamp

Scamp

Scamp image

 SEDAR 68 Scamp Stock Assessment

 

SEDAR 68 Stock Assessment Executive Summary – coming soon

Scamp boundary map

South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Fishery Management Council boundaries, and United States EEZ

Vermilion Snapper

Vermilion Snapper Fish

Vermilion Snapper image

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Yellowtail Snapper

Yellowtail Snapper

Yellowtail snapper image

Yellowtail Snapper boundary map

Stock Assessment: South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Fishery Management Council boundaries, and United States EEZ

Gray Triggerfish

Gray Triggerfish

Gray triggerfish image

 SEDAR 62 Gray Triggerfish Stock Assessmentto be continued

 

SEDAR 43 Gray Triggerfish Stock Assessment

 

SEDAR 62 Stock Assessment Executive Summary – coming soon

Gray Triggerfish boundary map

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Red Grouper

Red Grouper

Red Grouper Image

Red Grouper boundary map

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Wenchman Snapper

Wenchman Snapper Fish

Wenchman Snapper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Lane Snapper

Lane Snapper Fish

Lane Snapper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Red Drum

Red Drum Artwork

Red Drum

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Yellowmouth Grouper

Yellowmouth Grouper

Yellowmouth grouper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Speckled Hind

Speckled Hind

Speckled Hind

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Snowy Grouper

Snowy Fish

Snowy Grouper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Almaco Jack

Almaco Jack

Almaco Jack

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Lesser Amberjack

Lesser Amberjack

Lesser Amberjack

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

King Mackerel

King Mackerel

King Mackerel image

 SEDAR 38 King Mackerel Stock Assessment

 

SEDAR King Mackerel Stock Assessment Executive Summary

King Mackerel boundary map

Stock Assessment: South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Fishery Management Council boundaries, and United States EEZ

Hogfish

Hogfish

Hogfish

Hogfish boundary map

Stock Assessment: Hogfish boundaries of the eastern United States

Cobia

Cobia

Cobia image

 SEDAR 28 Gulf Cobia Stock Assessment

 

SEDAR Gulf Cobia Stock Assessment Executive Summary

Cobia Boundary Map

Stock Assessment: South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Fishery Management Council
boundaries, and United States EEZ. The red line at the Florida/Georgia state line indicates the
northern boundary for the Gulf of Mexico cobia population proposed by the SEDAR 28 Data Workshop Panel.

Spanish Mackerel

Spanish Mackerel

Spanish Mackerel

King Mackerel boundary map

South Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Fishery Management Council boundaries, and United States EEZ

Queen Snapper

Queen Snapper Fish

Queen Snapper Boundary Map

Stock Assessment:
Geographical distribution of queen snapper

Yellowedge Grouper

Yellowedge Grouper

Yellowedge Grouper

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Tilefish

Golden Tilefish

Blueline Tilefish

Goldface Tilefish

Golden Tilefish

Golden Tilefish

Blueline Tilefish

Blueline Tilefish

Goldface Tilefish

Goldface Tilefish

Map Vermilion Boundaries

Stock Assessment: Southeast Region including Council and EEZ Boundaries.

Recreational Data Collection Programs

There are numerous recreational data collection programs across the Gulf that contribute to our understanding of recreational fishing effort and catch. The methodologies, species, area, and temporal coverage of these programs vary. The infographics below outline the differences and similarities of each program.

Species and Areas

Timeline

Methods

 

Download PDF

Status Determination Criteria Infographic

The Council must use objective and measurable criteria to determine overfishing and overfished status for each stock. Collectively, the values used to determine stock status are referred to as status determination criteria.

Status Determination Criteria Definitions

 

Maximum Sustainable Yield Proxy (MSY)

The largest long-term average catch, or yield that can be taken from a stock or stock complex each year on a continuing basis under prevailing conditions (ecological, environmental, fishery characteristic). MSY can rarely be calculated with accuracy, so a proxy that can be more readily calculated and represents a sustainable level of harvest is usually used.

 

 

FMSY

The rate of fishing mortality that, if applied over the long term, would result in catching the MSY.

 

 

BMSY

The long-term average size of the stock or stock complex that would be achieved by fishing at a constant fishing mortality rate equal to FMSY.  It can be measured in terms of spawning biomass or other appropriate measure of the stock’s reproductive potential.

 

 

Minimum Stock Size Threshold (MSST)

The biomass level that a stock can decline to before being declared overfished (stock abundance is too low) and requiring a rebuilding plan.  It can be no lower than 50% of the BMSY.

 

 

Maximum Fishing Mortality Threshold (MFMT)

Maximum fishing mortality threshold (MFMT) is the rate of fishing mortality above which a stock is declared to be experiencing overfishing (fish are being removed at too rapid a rate). MFMT may not exceed FMSY.

 

 

Optimum Yield (OY)

Optimum yield (OY) is a level of harvest that will provide the greatest overall benefit to the Nation, and is based on MSY as reduced by any relevant economic, social, or ecological factor. It takes the protection of marine ecosystems into account and, in the case of an overfished fishery, provides for rebuilding to a level consistent with producing the MSY or MSY proxy.

 

 

Spawning Potential Ratio (SPR)

Sawning potential ratio (SPR) assumes that a certain amount of fish must survive and spawn in order to replenish the stock.  It is calculated as the average number of eggs per fish over its lifetime when the stock is fished compared to the average number of eggs per fish over its lifetime when the stock is not fished.

 

Gulf of Mexico Ecosystem Science

An ecosystem is defined as a biological community of interacting organisms and their surrounding environment. Effective fisheries management requires a broad understanding of how each species interacts with other living organisms, the physical environment, and humans (social and economic implications). Ecosystem Status Reports provide the Council with a snapshot of the status, trends, and possible future conditions of key components of an ecosystem including sea surface temperature, the status of fish populations, revenue from tourism, and more. Currently, these Status Reports are used to incorporate ecosystem considerations into fishery management plans and stock assessments. This ensures that management decisions consider a holistic understanding of each species. The Council is working to develop a Fishery Ecosystem Plan that creates a blueprint outlining how to continue incorporating ecosystem considerations into its fishery management process.