Greater Amberjack

Harvest Limit

Sector Annual Catch Limit Annual Catch Target
Stock  1,794,000 pounds
Commercial     484,380 pounds   421,411 pounds
Recreational  1,309,620 pounds 1,086,985 pounds

Allocation

Allocation for Greater Amberjack

Greater Amberjack

Scientific Name

Seriola dumerili

Stock Assessment

SEDAR 33

Regulations

Note: To monitor the Annual Catch Limit, the fishing year is August 1 – July 31.

Recreational Commercial
Season Open August 1 – October 31 and May 1 – May 31. If landings reach recreational ACT, harvest will be prohibited for the remainder of the fishing year. Season Open January-February and June-December. If commercial landings reach the ACT the season will be closed for the remainder of the fishing year.
Minimum Size Limit 34 inches fork length Minimum Size Limit 36 inches fork length
Bag Limit 1 per person. Captain and crew of for-hire vessels may not retain a bag limit. Trip Limit 1,500 pounds gutted weight or 1,560 pounds whole weight
Permit State issued recreational license/angler registry, federal angler registry or Federal charter/headboat permit for reef fish Permit Commercial vessel permit for reef fish is required. Additionally, an eastern Gulf reef fish bottom longline endorsement required to use bottom longline for Gulf reef fish in the federal waters east of 85°30′ longitude.
Gear Non-stainless steel circle hooks are required when fishing with natural baits. At least one dehooking device is required and must be used to remove hooks. Gear Non-stainless steel circle hooks are required when fishing with natural baits. At least one dehooking device is required and must be used to remove hooks.

Description:

Greater amberjack are a member of the jack family (Carangidae).  They are typically a silvery-blue, with yellow shading along the lateral line, and a dark brown diagonal band through the eye.  Their tail is deeply forked.  The Gulf of Mexico stock is thought to be distinct from the Atlantic.  Greater amberjack are a reef-associated species typically caught between depths of 59 to 236 ft (18 and 72 m).  Greater amberjack in the Gulf are presently considered overfished and experiencing overfishing (SEDAR 33 2014)

Life History and Distribution:

Greater amberjack are found in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans, and the Mediterranean Sea in temperate to tropical waters. The maximum observed age is 15 years, the maximum weight is 178 pounds whole weight, and the maximum length is 58 inches fork length.  Females grow to larger maximum sizes than males.  Peak spawning occurs in March and April in the Gulf.  After a brief pelagic stage, newly hatched larva and small juveniles often associate with floating Sargassum.  Larger juveniles shift to demersal habitats, where they congregate around reefs, rocky outcrops, and wrecks.  Adult greater amberjack are found on both artificial and natural reefs (SEDAR 33, 2014).